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THE 

TOLEDO MUSEUM 

OF ART 



CATALOGUE 

OF 

PAINTINGS 



APRIL, 1914 



Permanent Collection of Paintings 
Paintings by Gardner Symons 
Paintings by Philip Little 
Paintings by Henry Reuterdahl 
Etchings by Louis H. Calewaert 
Classical and Historical Rugs 



The 

Toledo Museum 

of Art 

CATALOGUE 



APRIL, 1914 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2012 with funding from 

Toledo Museum of Art 



http://archive.org/details/catalogueofpainta1914tole 



Catalogue Permanent Collection 



American 



ADAM EMORY ALBRIGHT. 

Studied at the Art Institute, Chicago; Penn- 
sylvania Academy under Carl Marr, and at the 
Academy Roland, Paris. He is a life member of the 
Art Institute, Chicago, officer in Chicago Academy 
of Design, member Chicago Society of Artists and 
Fellowship in Pennsylvania Academy. 

1. Country Children. Gift of John Hoffman 



CARROLL BECKWITH, N. A. 

Born in Hannibal, Mo., 1852. Entered Acad- 
emy of Design, New York, 1871. Admitted to the 
studio of Carolus-Duran in 1873; he studied also 
under Yvon at the Ecole des Beaux Arts. For a 
number of years he maintained a studio in Paris with 
his fellow student, John S. Sargent. Was for 
eighteen years instructor at the New York Art 
League. Recipient of many honors in this country 
and abroad. President of the National Free Art 
League, member American Water Color Society, 
Salmagundi Club and National Institute of .Arts 
and Letters. 

2. The Falconer. Gift of the Artist. 

GEORGE W. BELLOWS, A. N. A. 

Born, Columbus, Ohio, 1882. Represented in 
the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Phila- 
delphia. Second Hallgarten Prize, National Acad- 
emy of Design, 1908. 

3. Blackwell's Bridge. Gift of E. D. Libbey 



PERMANENT COLLECTION OP PAINTINGS. 



J. D. BLONDEL, A. N. A. 

Blondel, 1817 to 1877, was born in New York. 
He studied painting under Wm. Page and attained 
celebrity in portraiture before the War of the Re- 
bellion. 

4. The School Girl. Gift of Mrs. A. M. 
Woolson. 

H. REYNOLDS BLOOMER. 

Born at New York, 1845. Pupil of Carolus- 
Duran and Pelouse in Paris. Member San Fran- 
cisco Art Association and Bohemian Club. 

5. Country Road. Gift of Temperance P. 
Reed. 

GEORGE ELMER BROWNE. 

Born at Gloucester, Massachusetts. Pupil of 
Benson, Tarbell, DeCamp and Major in Boston, and 
of Lefebvre and Robert-Fleury in Paris. Repre- 
sented in the Luxembourg, Paris. 

6. The White Cloud. Installed in the 
Maurice A. Scott Gallery by Florence 
Scott Libbey. 



CARLTON T. CHAPMAN, A. N. A. 

Spent his early years in Toledo, studied at the 
League and the Academy, New York and at Acad- 
emy Julian, Paris. Received silver medal Boston 
1892, medal Chicago World's Fair 1893, Atlanta 
Exposition 1895, Pan American Exposition 1901. He 
was a member of the International Jury of Awards 
at the St. Louis Exposition ; is member of Society of 
American Artists, American Water Color Society, 
New York Water Color Club, Associate of National 
Academy. 

7. A Rocky Coast. 



PERMANENT COLLECTION OF PAINTINGS. 



EDWIN D. CONNELL. 

Native of New York State, studied in the 
Academy Julian, Paris, under W. A. Bouguereau, 
Tony Robert-Fleury and Julien Dupre. He re- 
ceived honorable mention in the Paris Salon, 1897. 

8. Cattle. 

W. H. COOPER. 

9. Landscape and Cattle. Gift of Tem- 
perance P. Reed. 
JOHN SINGLETON COPLEY. 

1737-1815. Born in Boston, Massachusetts. 
When but fifteen years of age Copley painted his 
first portrait, that of his step-brother, Charles. He 
was practically self-taught and painted many por- 
traits in America before going to England in 1774 
where he opened a studio in London. There he be- 
came the fashion, many of the nobility sitting for 
him. 

10. Portrait of Lord Abercrombie. Installed 

in the Maurice A. Scott Gallery by 

Florence Scott Libbey. 
CHARLES C. CURRAN, N. A. 

Mr. Curran was born in 1861 and spent his early 
years in Norwalk, Ohio. He has been awarded 
medals at the Atlanta Exposition, the Chicago 
World's Fair, the Pan-American Exposition, and the 
St. Louis Exposition. In 1904 he won the Carnegie 
prize for the best figure composition at the exhibition 
of the Society of American Artists. In 1905 he was 
awarded the first Corcoran prize at Washington. 

11. The Jungfrau. Gift of Art Study Club. 

12. The Swimming Pool. Gift of C. S. Ashley. 
ELLIOTT DAINGERFIELD, N. A. 

Born Harper's Ferry, Va., 1859. Member of 
the National Academy of Design, and of the New 
York Municipal Art Society. Represented in the 
National Gallery, Washington, D. C. ; Brooklyn In- 
stitute of Arts and Sciences; Metropolitan Museum 
of Art, New York. Awarded Silver Medal, Pan- 
American Exposition, Buffalo, 1901; Clarke Prize, 
National Academy of Design, 1902. 



PERMANENT COLLECTION OP PAINTINGS. 



13. Storm Breaking Up. Installed in the 

Maurice A. Scott Gallery by Florence 
Scott Libbey. 

THOMAS WILMER DEWING, N. A. 

Born at Boston. Pupil of Julea Lefebvre, Paris. 
Member of the National Academy of Design; The 
Ten American Painters; National Society of Arts 
and Letters ; Medals New York, Pittsburgh and else- 
where. 

14. Writing a Letter. Installed in the 

Maurice A. Scott Gallery by Florence 
Scott Libbey. 
PAUL DOUGHERTY, N. A. 

Born in Brooklyn, N. Y., 1877. Member of the 
National Academy of Design and of the National In- 
stitute of Arts and Letters. Represented in the Na- 
tional Gallery of Art and the Corcoran Gallery, 
Washington, D. C. ; Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh ; 
Chicago Art Institute; Brooklyn Institute of Arts 
and Sciences. 

15. Moonlit Cove. Installed in the Maurice 

A. Scott Gallery by Florence Scott 
Libbey. 

BEN FOSTER, N. A. 

Born North Anson, Maine, 1852. Member of 
the National Academy of Design. Represented in 
the Luxembourg, Paris; Art Association, Montreal; 
Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences; Corcoran 
Gallery of Art and in the William T. Evans Collec- 
tion, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D. C. ; 
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia. 
Bronze Medal, Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 
1898 ; Second Prize, Cleveland, 1895 ; Bronze Medal, 
Exposition Universelle, Paris, 1900; Medal of the 
second class, Carnegie Institute, 1900 ; Silver Medal, 
Pan-American, Buffalo, 1901 ; Webb Prize, Society 
of American Artists, 1901 ; Silver Medal, Universal 
Exposition, Saint Louis, 1904; Carnegie Prize, Na- 
tional Academy of Design, New York, 1906. 



PERMANENT COLLECTION OF PAINTINGS. 



16. Early Moonlight. Installed in the 

Maurice A. Scott Gallery by Charlotte 
Scott Chapin. 

FREDERICK F. FURSMAN. 

Born at El Paso, 111. Studied at the Art In- 
stitute of Chicago, and at Paris. Exhibitor at the 
Paris Salon; the International Exhibition at Rome 
and at the chief exhibitions in the States. Awarded 
the Martin B. Cohn prize at Chicago, 1911. 

17. In the Gardfn. Gift of Cora Baird 

Lacey in memory of Henry Allan 

Lacey. 
GILBERT GAUL, N. A. 

Born in Jersey City, 1855. Painter of histori- 
cal subjects. Received medals at the Chicago 
World's Fair, the Pan-American Exposition, and at 
the Paris Exposition of 1900. His spirited canvas, 
"Battery H in Action," was a commission from the 
survivors of Battery H, First Ohio Light Artillery, 
which was recruited at the outbreak of the Civil War 
in Toledo and vicinity. The picture was unveiled 
with appropriate ceremonies at Memorial Hall, To- 
ledo, Tuesday, March 13, 1894, by Wm. McKinley, 
Jr., then Governor of Ohio. The picture was ex- 
hibited at the Chicago World's Fair in the Ohio 
Building. 

18. Battery H in Action. Installed by the 

Battery. 

BIRGE HARRISON, N. A. 

Born in Philadelphia, Pa., 1854, and began his 
studies at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. 
He later studied with Cabanel at Ecole des Beaux- 
Arts and with Carolus-Duran, Paris. Member So- 
ciety of American Artists, New York, 1883; Mem- 
ber National Academy, 1910; Member Century As- 
sociation, Salmagundi Club, National Academy of 
Arts and Letters, American Federation of Fine 
Arts; Fellowship, Pennsylvania Academy of the 
Fine Arts. His works are to be found in many of 
the American museums and leading private collec- 
tions and in 1882 the French government bought 



PERMANENT COLLECTION OP PAINTINGS. 



one of his paintings. He has received many prizes 
and medals both in this country and abroad and 
is widely known as a critic and art writer. 

19. Woodstock Meadows in Winter. 

CHILDE HASSAM, N. A. 

Born in Boston, 1859. Member of the National 
Academy of Design and of The Ten American 
Painters; Secession Society, Munich; Associate of 
the Societe Nationale des Beaux- Arts, Paris. Repre- 
sented in the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, 
Philadelphia; Cincinnati Museum of Art; Corcoran 
Gallery of Art, Washington, D. C; Carnegie Insti- 
tute ; Albright Art Gallery, Buffalo. Bronze Medal, 
Exposition Universelle, Paris, 1889; Gold Medal, 
Munich, 1892; Medal, Columbian Exposition, Chi- 
cago, 1893 ; Webb Prize, Society of American Artists, 
1895 ; Medal, Carnegie Institute, 1898 ; Temple Gold 
Medal, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Phila- 
delphia, 1899 ; Silver Medal, Exposition Universelle, 
Paris, 1900; Gold Medal, Pan-American Exposition, 
Buffalo, 1901; Gold Medal, Universal Exposition, 
Saint Louis, 1904; Clarke Prize, National Academy 
of Design, 1905; Medal Carnegie Institute, 1905; 
Carnegie Prize, Society of American Artists, 1906, 
and many other honors. 

20. Summer Sea. Installed in the Maurice A. 

Scott Gallery by Florence Scott Libbey. 

WINSLOW HOMER, N. A. 

1836 to 1910. Born in Scarboro, Me. Pupil of 
the National Academy of Design and F. RondeL 
Member of the National Academy of Design ; Amer- 
ican Water Color Society; National Society of Arts 
and Letters. Awards at Paris, Philadelphia, Pitts- 
burgh, Buffalo, Charleston, St. Louis and elsewhere. 
One of the greatest of all American painters and re- 
nowned for his pictures of the sea and shore. 

21. Sunlight on the Coast. Installed in the 

Maurice A. Scott Gallery by Edward 
D. Libbey. 



PERMANENT COLLECTION OP PAINTINGS. 



GEORGE INNESS, N. A. 

1825 to 1894. Born in Newburgh, N. Y. Pupil 
for a short time of Regis Gignoux. Spent some time 
studying in Europe. Elected an associate member 
of the National Academy in 1853 and National 
Academician in 1868. Represented in most of the 
museums of this country, one whole gallery being de- 
voted to his work in the Art Institute of Chicago. 

22. After a Spring Shower. Installed in the 

Maurice A. Scott Gallery by Florence 
Scott Libbey. 

ASTON KNIGHT. 

Aston Knight was born in Paris of American 
parents, his father being Ridgway Knight, the well 
known artist. He studied under his father and also 
under Jules Lefebvre and Tony Robert-Fleury. He 
received Bronze Medal, Paris Exposition, 1900 ; Hon- 
orable Mention, Paris Salon, 1901 ; Gold Medal, Ex- 
position Universelle de Reims, 1903. His canvas, 
1 ' The Torrent, ' ' was awarded a medal in the Salon 
of 1905. 

23. The Torrent. Gift of John Hoffman. 
CARL MARR. 

Born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, February 14, 
1858. Exhibited in New York, Philadelphia, Saint 
Louis, New Orleans, Chicago, Munich, Berlin, Ham- 
burg, Bremen, Dresden, Konigsberg, Budapest, Vi- 
enna, Venice, Madrid and Barcelona. Received ten 
gold medals; honorable mention at academies in 
Munich, Berlin and Athens. Professor at Munich 
Academy of Fine Arts. Represented in permanent 
collections at Munich Pinakothek, Metropolitan Mu- 
seum of Fine Arts, National Gallery, Budapest, and 
National Museum, Konigsberg. 

24. Dusk. Installed in the Maurice A. Scott 

Gallery by Florence Scott Libbey. 



PERMANENT COLLECTION OF PAINTINGS. 

M. JEAN McLANE. 

Born in Chicago. Awarded First Prize, Inter- 
national League of Paris; two Bronze Medals St. 
Louis Exposition, 1904; Burgess Prize, New York 
Woman's Art Club, 1909; Mary Elling Prize, New 
York Art Club; Silver Medal, International Fine 
Arts Exposition, Buenos Ayres. Her "Girl in 
Gray" in the Toledo Museum was awarded a medal 
at the St. Louis Exposition. 

25. Girl in Gray. Gift of the Artist. 

HENRY MOSLER. 

The first American painter whose work was pur- 
chased by the French government and hung in the 
Luxembourg, Paris. Mr. Mosler was honored by the 
French government by being made, in 1890, an Ot- 
ficer d'Academie of France, and, in 1892, Chevalier 
Legion d'Honneur. 

26. The Bisharin Minstrel. Gift of E. D. 

Libbey. 

GUSTAVE HENRY MOSLER. 

1875 to 1907. Son of Henry Mosler, an Ameri- 
can painter. Born at Munich, Bavaria. Studied 
under his father and at the Ecole des Beaux Arts, 
Paris, under Bonnat. "De Profundis," his most 
notable canvas, was first shown in the Paris Salon 
of 1901, where it was awarded a gold medal. It 
was also awarded a medal at the Saint Louis Exposi- 
tion, 1904. The picture, painted in Brittany, shows 
a peasant pausing in his work afield in an attitude of 
prayer. In the distance to the right, a funeral is 
seen passing along the country lane. It is the cus- 
tom in Brittany on such an occasion to bare the head 
and offer a prayer. 

27. De Profundis. Gift of Arthur J. Secor. 



10 



PERMANENT COLLECTION OP PAINTINGS. 



ELIZABETH NOURSE. 

Born Cincinnati, Ohio. Member of the Ameri- 
can Art Association and of the Societe Nationale 
des Beaux-Arts, Paris. Eepresented in the Art 
Institute of Chicago; Art Museum, Cincinnati; 
National Art Gallery of South Australia. Medal, 
Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893 ; Gold Medal, 
Nashville International Exhibition, 1897 ; Medal of 
the third class, Carthage Institute, Tunis, 1897 ; 
Silver Medal Salon, Paris, 1900; Silver Medal, 
Universal Exposition, St. Louis, 1904. 

28. Twilight. 

EDMUND H. OSTHAUS. 

Osthaus was born at Hildesheim, Germany, in 
1858. He studied at the Royal Academy, Dussel- 
dorf , Germany, under Christian Kroener. His home 
is in Toledo and he was one of the incorporators of 
the Toledo Museum of Art. He is one of the fore- 
most American painters of animals. 

29. Afield. Gift of E. D. Libbey. 

30. A Good One. Gift of E. D. Libbey. 

THOMAS S. PARKHURST. 

Born in Manchester, England, in 1853. Prac- 
tically self taught. He has exhibited extensively 
throughout the Middle West which has furnished 
him with many subjects for his brush. 

31. October Skies. Gift of S. D. Carr. 

STEPHEN PARRISH. 

Born in Philadelphia in 1846. Parrish did not 
begin the practice of art until the age of thirty-one, 
being engaged in mercantile pursuits prior to the 
study of painting. He is practically self taught 
and is an etcher as well as a painter. Member of 
the New York Etchers Club, Royal Society of 
Painter-Etchers, London. 

32. The Break up op Winter, Cornish, N. H. 

Gift of Rose Milmine Parsons. 
11 



PERMANENT COLLECTION OF PAINTINGS. 



DE WITT PARSHALL, A. N. A. 

Born at Buffalo, N. Y., in 1864. Pupil of Cor- 
mon, Bouguereau and Alexander Harrison in Paris. 
Made an A. N. A. 1910. Member of the Lotus Club 
and Salmagundi Club. Represented in public and 
private collections. 

33. Granite Gorge, Grand Canyon. Gift of 

the Artist. 

ALICE CORSON PATTON. 

Studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine 
Arts, then at the Art League and the Chase School 
in New York for two years. Returning to Philadel- 
phia, she won the Toppan prize at the Academy in 
1903 and the Cresson Traveling Scholarship in 1904. 
The latter she held for three years, working in her 
studio and having criticism by Besnard, Rupert C. 
Bunny, Prinet and several others. 

34. The Lady With the Shawl. Gift of E. 

D. Libbey. 

HENRY W. RANGER, N. A. 

Born in New York, 1858. Member of the Na- 
tional Academy of Design. Represented in the Cor- 
coran Art Gallery, Washington, D. C. ; Carnegie 
Institute, Pittsburgh, and in the Metropolitan Mu- 
seum of Fine Arts, New York. Bronze Medal, Ex- 
position Universelle, Paris, 1900 ; Silver Medal, Pan- 
American Exposition, Buffalo, 1901; Gold Medal, 
Charleston Exposition, 1902. 

35. Landscape. Installed in the Maurice A. 

Scott Gallery by Florence Scott Libbey. 

FREDERICK REMINGTON, A. N. A. 

Painter, sculptor, illustrator and author, 1861 
to 1909. Born in Canton, N. Y. Member of the 
National Academy of Design, New York, American 
Institute, U. S. Cavalry Association. Painted 
graphic representations of western life. 

12 



PERMANENT COLLECTION OP PAINTINGS. 



36. Indians Disguised as Buffaloes. In- 

stalled in the Maurice A. Scott Gallery 
by Florence Scott Libbey. 

JULIAN RIX. 

1851-1903. Born in California. He appears to 
have had no regular academic training, claiming to 
be a pupil of nature. Most of his landscape sub- 
jects were found in California. 

37. Sunshine and Shadow. Gift of Arthur 

J. Secor. 

ALEXANDER ROBINSON. 

Born at Portsmouth, N. H., 1869; studied at 
Lowell School of Design, Boston ; Boston Museum of 
Art, and Academie Julian, Paris, under Doucet and 
Constant; member of the Societe International de 
Aquartistes, Paris; Societe des Arts et Lettres, 
Paris; American Water Color Society; United Arts 
Club, London ; New York Water Color Club ; Labeur 
Art Society, Brussels; Royal Society, Belgium; Sal- 
magundi Club, New York; Cercles Artistiques of 
Bruges and Tournai. 

38. Interior of a Dutch Church. Gift of the 

City Federation of Women's Clubs. 

ISABEL ROSS. 

39. The Serenaders. Gift of Mrs. Colston W. 

Esty. 

WARREN W. SHEPPARD. 

Sheppard, besides being a painter, is a designer 
of yachts and a practical sailor as well. That he 
understands the sea thoroughly is evinced in this 
study of one of its phases. Mr. Sheppard illus- 
trates for the Rudder, and occasionally for the Cen- 
tury and Seribner's. 

40. The Trackless Sea. Lent by A. M. 

Chesbrough. 

41. The Half-Moon. Gift of Thomas Flem 

ing Day. 

13 



PERMANENT COLLECTION OF PAINTINGS. 



WALTER SHIRLAW, N. A. 

1838-1909. Born at Paisley, Scotland. His 
parents settled in New York City when he was three 
years old. Studied painting in Europe. Member 
of the National Academy of Design, American 
Water Color Society, Mural Painters, etc. Medal 
awards at home and abroad. Represented in many 
private and public collections. 

42. Marble Quarry, Vermont. 

43. Portrait Head. Gifts of Mrs. Walter 

Shirlaw. 

EDOUARD J. STEICHEN. 

Painter and photographer. Exhibited in New 
York, Pittsburgh, Washington, Philadelphia, Bos- 
ton, London, Paris, Vienna, St. Petersburg, The 
Hague and Dresden. Print purchased by Belgian 
government, 1901, for Brussels Museum of Pine 
Art; received Gold Medal at The Hague, 1904. 
Member of the American Art Association, Paris; 
Member d'Honneur of the Societe l'Effort, Brussels; 
the Linked Ring, London; Photo-Secession, New 
York. 

44. Across Marshes. Installed in the Maurice 

A. Scott Gallery by Florence Scott 
Libbey. 

GEORGE GARDNER SYMONS, N. A. 

Born Chicago, 111., 1861. Member of the Na- 
tional Academy of Design ; Society of Western Art- 
ists, Chicago; Societe Nationale des Beaux- Arts, 
Paris; Royal Society of British Artists, London; 
National Arts Club, New York. Represented in the 
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York ; Cincinnati 
Art Museum ; Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, 
D. C. ; Art Institute of Chicago ; Brooklyn Institute 
of Arts and Sciences. Bronze Medal, International 
Fine Arts Exposition, Buenos Ayres, 1910. 

45. Snow Clad Fields in Morning Light. 

Installed in the Maurice A. Scott Gal- 
lery by Florence Scott Libbey. 

14 



PERMANENT COLLECTION OF PAINTINGS. 



GILBERT STUART. 

Born at Narragansett, Rhode Island, December 
3, 1755 ; died Boston July 27, 1828. After some un- 
aided efforts he received instruction from Cosmo 
Alexander, a Scotch portrait painter, whom he ac- 
companied to Scotland in 1772. He found a friend 
in Benjamin West, whose studio he entered as a 
pupil, but soon became an assistant to his master. 
In 1785 he set up a studio of his own in London, 
achieving marked popularity and financial success. 
He visited Ireland in 1788, where he was received 
with great favor, and painted the portraits of many 
distinguished persons. He returned to America in 
1792. 

Among his sitters in Europe were Louis XVI, 
George III and George IV, while Prince of Wales. 
He also painted Alderman Boydell, John Kemble, 
Sir Joshua Reynolds, Benjamin West and many dis- 
tinguished artists. The six presidents of the United 
States who sat to him for their portraits were George 
Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James 
Madison, James Monroe and John Quincy Adams. 

46. Sir Ashley Cooper. Installed in the 

Maurice A. Scott Gallery by Florence 
Scott Libbey. 

SVEND SVENDSON. 

Born 1864 in Christiania, Norway. Member 
Chicago Society of Artists. Awards, Young Fort- 
nightly prize, Art Institute, Chicago; honorable 
mention, Nashville Exposition, 1897. 

47. The Village Street. Gift of Geo. DeM. 

Peixotto. 

HENRY 0. TANNER. 

Born at Pittsburg in 1859. Studied at the 
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts and under 
Constant and Laurens, Paris. Represented in the 
Luxembourg, the Wilstach and other collections. 

48. The Deciples on the Sea op Galilee. 

Gift of Dr. F. W. Gunsaulus. 

15 



PERMANENT COLLECTION OF PAINTINGS. 



ANNA L. THORNE. 

The artist, who resides in Toledo, studied at the 
Art League, New York, and in Europe, and was a 
member of the Wm. Chase Class in Holland. This 
example was painted in Zaandam, Holland. 

49. The Mill. 

DWIGHT WILLIAM TRYON, N. A. 

Born at Hartford, Conn., 1849. Pupil at the 
Ecole des Beaux- Arts and of J. de la Chevreuse, 
Daubigny and Guillemet in Paris. Member of the 
National Academy of Design and American Water 
Color Society. Awards, Gold Medal, American Art 
Association, New York, 1886, 1887; Hallgarten 
Prize, National Academy of Design, 1887; Webb 
Prize, Society of American Artists, 1889 ; Ellsworth 
Prize, Chicago, 1889 ; Palmer Prize, Inter-State Ex- 
position, Chicago; first class Gold Medal, Munich 
International Exposition; Gold Medal, Chicago Ex- 
position, 1893; first prize, Nashville Centennial Ex- 
position 1897 ; first prize, Gold Medal, Carnegie In- 
stitute, 1898; Chronological Medal at Carnegie In- 
stitute, Pittsburgh, 1901; Gold Medal, Buffalo Ex- 
position, 1901; Gold Medal Saint Louis Exposition, 
1904. 

50. Spring Morning. Installed in the Maurice 

A. Scott Gallery by Florence Scott 
Libbey. 

L. E. VAN GORDER. 

Resides in Toledo. Studied under Wm. M. 
Chase and A. M. Turner, and in Paris at the Ecole 
des Beaux-Arts. He spent five years working in 
Europe and was a frequent exhibitor in the Paris 
Salon. On his return he exhibited at the National 
Academy, the Chicago World's Fair and in many 
other important exhibitions. 

51. Flower Market, Paris. 

16 



PERMANENT COLLECTION OP PAINTINGS. 



HORATIO WALKER, N. A. 

Born at Listowel, Canada. Member of the Na- 
tional Academy of Design and American Water 
Color Society. Awards, Evans prize, American 
Water Color Society, 1888 ; Gold Medal, competitive 
exhibition, American Art Galleries; Medal, Paris 
Exposition, 1889 ; Medal, Chicago Exposition, 1893 ; 
exhibited Paris Exposition, 1900. 

52. The Wood Cutter. Installed in the 

Maurice A. Scott Gallery by Florence 
Scott Libbey. 

FREDERICK J. WAUGH, A. N. A. 

Born 1861. Resides at Montclair, N. J. Asso- 
ciate of the National Academy of Design, New York. 
Represented in the Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool; 
Durban Municipal Art Gallery, Natal, South Africa ; 
Evans Collection, National Gallery, Washington, 
D. C. ; Hearn Collection, Metropolitan Museum, New 
York ; Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Letters ; Mont- 
clair Art Museum. Clarke Prize, National Academy 
of Design, 1910; Gold Medal, International Fine 
Arts Exposition, Buenos Ayres, 1910. 

53. Monhegan Surf. Gift from the Artist. 
BENJAMIN WEST, R. A. 

Born in 1738. He began to draw when seven 
years old and took his first lessons in preparing 
colors from the Indians. After brief instruction 
from a painter named Williams, he set up, when 
eighteen years old, in Philadelphia as a portrait 
painter; thence removed to New York and in 1760 
went to Italy, where he remained until 1763, when 
he settled in London. From 1769 to 1801 all his 
commissions were from George III, who made him 
his historical painter. West was one of the founders 
of the Royal Academy, and in 1792 succeeded Sir 
Joshua Reynolds as its president. 

54. The Hero Returned. Installed in the 

Maurice A. Scott Gallery by Florence 
Scott Libbey. 
17 



PERMANENT COLLECTION OF PAINTINGS. 



S. JESSIE WEST. 

This water color, painted in rural France, was 
shown in the New York Water Color Club exhibit 
in 1905. Miss West, who is a Toledo artist, was a 
pupil at the Art Students' League, New York, and 
at the Academie Delecluse, Paris, where, in 1895, 
she received first mention and the award of Puvis de 
Chavannes. Miss West exhibited in the Paris Salon 
of 1895 and in the Paris Exposition of 1900. 

55. Where Poppies Bloom. 
ALMON C. WHITING. 

Pupil of Constant, Laurens and Whistler in 
Paris. Member of the American Art Association, 
Paris ; the Salmagundi Club, New York ; the Society 
of Western Artists, etc. First director Toledo 
Museum of Art. Represented in public and private 
collections. Mural paintings : The Goose Girl, four 
panels in residence of W. W. Windle, Milbury, Mass. 

56. Notre Dame, Paris. 



England 



WALTER GREAVES. 

Walter and Henry Greaves were pupils and 
close companions of Whistler as far back as 1863. 
The father of the Greaves boys was a boat builder in 
Chelsea. He had rowed Turner about on the river 
as his two sons were later to row Whistler. The 
Greaves boys idolized their master and apparently 
had but little thought of themselves and their own 
talents. Walter Greaves has lived quietly all these 
years in Chelsea in comparative obscurity. In 1911, 
when he was seventy years of age, an exhibition of 
his works was brought together in the Goupil Gal- 
leries, London, and the news was flashed throughout 
the world that a master as great as Whistler himself 
had received tardy recognition. Walter Greaves' 
style is very similar to that of Whistler, and yet it 
has unusual charm and great qualities all its own. 

57- Portrait op James McNeill Whistler. 
Gift of C. B. Spitzer. 

18 



PERMANENT COLLECTION OF PAINTINGS. 



JOHN LA VERY. 

One of a group of painters known as the Glas- 
gow School. He was born in Belfast, Ireland, in 
1858. Studied art at Haldane Academy, Glasgow, 
Heatherley 's, London, and in Paris under Bouguer- 
eau and Tony Robert-Fleury. Among his best 
known paintings are the "Bridge at Grez," in the 
Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh; his "Tennis Party," 
in the New Pinakothek, Munich; "The State Visit 
of the Queen to Glasgow," in the Corporation Gal- 
lery, Glasgow ; " A Lady in Black, ' ' in the National 
Gallery, in Berlin, and "The Rocking Chair," in 
the Scottish National Gallery, Edinburgh. 

58. Moonlight, Tetuan, Morocco. Gift of 

C. W. Kraushaar. 

DANIEL MACLISE, R. A. 

1811 to 1870. Born in Cork, Ireland. Hit* 
paintings, "The Death of Nelson at Trafalgar," and 
"The Meeting of Wellington and Blucher at Water- 
loo, ' ' hang in the Royal Gallery of the new houses 
of Parliament. Two of his pictures are in the Na- 
tional Gallery at London, and his "Scenes from 
Midas" was in the private collection of Queen Vic- 
toria. After the death of Sir Edwin Landseer, he 
was offered the presidency of the Royal Academy 
and also a knighthood, both of which honors he re- 
fused. 

59. The Standard Bearer. Gift of Carlton 

T. Chapman. 

JOSE WEISS. 

Born in Germany, in 1859, but became a natural- 
ized English citizen in 1899. 

60. September on the Arun. Gift of Dr. 

Frank W. Gunsaulus in memory of 
Rosa Lang. 

19 



PERMANENT COLLECTION OF PAINTINGS. 



ranee 



GEORGES D'ESPAGNAT. 

Born at Melun, near Paris, France, in 1870. 
One of the foremost of the modern French Impres- 
sionists. 

61. Levandou. 



JULES GRUN. 

Honorable mention, Paris Salon, 1895, a Gold 
Medal, third class, in 1897, and a Gold Medal, sec- 
ond class, in 1903. His "Effet de Lumiere" was 
one of the popular pictures in the Salon of 1907. 

62. Effet de Lumiere. Gift of F. B. Shoe- 
maker. 

M. J. IWILL. 

Born at Paris, 1850. He discarded his legal 
name of M. J. Clavel and adopted his pseudonym, 
Iwill. Was made an Officer of the French Acad- 
emy in 1889, Officer of Public Instruction and 
Chevalier of the Legion of Honor in 1894, also 
many other medals and honors. Represented in the 
Luxembourg by three pictures, and in twenty-five 
other museums in France. In Boston Museum of 
Fine Arts and in many other museums. 

63- La Boresca, Venice. Gift of Charles L. 
Borgmeyer. 

ADOLPHE JOURDAN. 

1825 to . Born in Niems, France. Genre 

painter. Medals, Paris Salon, 1864, 1866 and 1869. 
His "Le Premier Pas" (The First Step) was ex- 
hibited in the Salon of 1881. 



20 



PERMANENT COLLECTION OP PAINTINGS. 



64. The First Step. Gift of Wm. Hardee. 

SAINTIN FRANCOIS JOZAN. 

A popular French painter of the middle of the 
last century. "The Bountiful Season" was shown 
at the Paris Salon of 1855. 

65. The Bountiful Season. Gift of Aaron 

Chesbrough. 

GUSTAVE LOISEAU. 

Born in Paris, 1865. One of the younger mem- 
bers of the modern French Impressionists. 

66. The Banks op the Eure. Gift of Geo. 

Durand-Ruel. 

HENRY MORET. 

Born at Cherbourg, France, 1856. He is one of 
the foremost members of the modern French school 
of Impressionists. His painting, "Seaweed Gath- 
erers,' 7 shows peasants gathering seaweed at Tre- 
vignon in Brittany. It is gathered into long piles 
and sold to the farmers for fertilizing purposes. 

67. Seaweed Gatherers. Gift of Geo. Du- 

rand-Ruel. 



FRANCOIS RIVOIRE. 

Born at Lyons, France. Pupil of Jean Reignier. 
His studies of flowers in water colors were yearly 
hung in the Paris Salon from 1865 to 1890. "Roses 
et Flox" was in the Salon of 1882. 
68. Roses et Flox. 



21 



PERMANENT COLLECTION OF PAINTINGS. 



ANTOINE VOLLON. 

1833 to 1900. Born at Lyons, France ; pupil of 
the Lyons Academy and of Ribot. He went to Paris 
and made his debut at the Salon of 1864. His sub- 
jects were mostly still life. Awarded medals, 1865, 
1868, 1869; first class, 1878; Legion of Honor, 1870; 
Officer, 1878 ; member of the Beaux- Arts, 1897. Rep- 
resented in the Luxembourg, Paris, the Metropoli- 
tan Museum, New York, and other important mu- 
seums. 

69. Fruit and Flowers- 



Holland 



J. H. S. KEVER. 

Born in Holland in 1854. Studied at Greives 
studio. He is an important representative of the 
modern Dutch school. Many of his subjects are 
taken from the life of the quaint town of Laren in 
northern Holland. 

70. Sisters. 



EVART PIETERS. 

Born in Holland in 1856. A representative 
member of the modern Dutch school of genre paint- 
ers. "In the Month of May" is one of his largest 
and most important canvasses. 

71. In the Month of May. Gift of Edward 

D. Libbey. 

WILM STEELINK. 

A prominent Dutch painter of sheep and land- 
scape. His "Sheep in Pasture" was the first paint- 
ing owned by the Toledo Museum of Art. 

72. Sheep in Pasture. Gift of Graff M. 

Acklin. 

22 



PERMANENT COLLECTION OP PAINTINGS. 

Russia 

N. N. BOUNIN. 

Member of the St. Petersburg Society of Artists. 

73. The Harvesters. Gift of A. M. Ches- 
brough. 



IVAN A. DJENYEEFF. 

Member of the Imperial Academy of Arts, Rus- 
sia. His dramatic canvas, ''Laying the Foundation 
of the Kremlin,' ' was awarded a silver medal at the 
St. Louis Exposition. 

74. Laying the Foundation of the Kremlin. 
Gift of A. M. Chesbrough. 



CARL N. KAHL. 

Member of the Imperial Academy of Arts, St. 
Petersburg, Russia. His two paintings in the Toledo 
Museum of Art were shown in the Russian section 
of the St. Louis Exposition. ' ' The End of a Summer 
Day" was awarded a silver medal. 

75. The Old Mill. Gift of Wednesday Art 

History Club. 

76. End op a Summer Day. Gift of Robinson 

Locke. 



A. A. KOUDRIAVTSEFF. 

Member of the New Society of Artists of St. 
Petersburg, Russia. His canvas, "The Fishermen," 
was hung in the Russian section of the St. Louis 
Exposition. 

77. The Fishermen. Gift of A. M. Ches- 
brough. 



23 



PERMANENT COLLECTION OF PAINTINGS. 



BENJAMIN N. POPOFF. 

Member of the Imperial Academy of Arts. His 
painting, "The Weaver," was awarded a Bronze 
Medal at the St. Louis Exposition. 

78. The Weaver. Gift of Harry E. King. 

PAVEL D. SCHMAROFF. 

Member of the Imperial Academy of Arts, St 
Petersburg, Russia. His "Lady in Carriage" waa 
awarded a Gold Medal at the St. Louis Exposition, 
The picture, which is most interesting technically, 
shows a lady in black driving in a Victoria on the 
crowded boulevard. It is the impression of a second, 
the wink of an eye. The swish of the boulevard is 
indicated swiftly, but surely, with a few strokes of 
the brush. 

79. Lady in Carriage. Gift of A. M. Ches- 

brough. 

S. M. SEIDENBERG. 

Member of the Imperial Academy of Arts, St. 
Petersburg, Russia. His painting, "The Plowers," 
was shown at the St. Louis Exposition under the 
title, "Episode in the Reign of Roman Galitsky." 
The Prince of Red Russia, returning from a sue 
cessful campaign against Lithuania, brought horn' 
an enormous number of Lithuanian prisoners, whom 
he caused to be treated like cattle, yoking them to 
crude wooden plows. 

80. The Plowers. Gift of Albion E. Lang. 

V. P. VERESTCHAGIN. 

Member of the Imperial Academy of Arts, Rus- 
sia. His painting, ' ' The Golden Cloud, ' ' was shown 
in the Russian section at the St. Louis Exposition. 
It illustrates a passage H the poem entitled "The 
Cliff," by the Russian poet, Lermontoff. A cloud 
has rested on the mountain top during the night, and 
now, bathed in the gold of the morning sun, it floats 
gently away, leaving the mountain sad and dejected. 

24 



PERMANENT COLLECTION OP PAINTINGS. 



81. The Golden Cloud. Gift of A. M. Ches- 

brough. 
I. A. VELTZ. 

Member of the St. Petersburg Society of Artists. 
One of the Russian painters represented in the Rus- 
sian section of the St. Louis Exposition. 

82. Valley op the Dneiper. Gift of A. M. 

Chesbrough. 



Germany 



FRANZ LENBACH. 

Born at Schrobenhausen, Bavaria, 1836. Pupil 
of Munich Academy. Member of Berlin Academy. 
Medals, Paris Salon, 1867; Munich, 1879; Vienna, 
1882 ; Spanish Order of St. Charles, 1869. His por- 
traits of Bismark and Moltke are in the National Gal- 
lery, Berlin. Painted Wagner, Liszt, Emperors of 
Germany and Austria and many other notables. 

83. Portrait op Mrs. H. Lent by Rev. R. D. 
Hollington. 

JANUARIUS ZICK. 

Born in 1733 in Munich. He was at first a pupil 
of his father, Johann Zick, but in 1757 he went to 
Basle and then to Rome. On his return he was, in 
1761, appointed court painter at Coblentz. He also 
painted extensively in the churches of Upper Swabia 
and in Biberach. He died at Ehrenbreitstein in 1797. 



84. The Crown op Thorns- Gift of J. G. 
Moulton. 



25 



PERMANENT COLLECTION OF PAINTINGS. 



Italy 



SALVATOR ROSA. 

Born near Naples, Italy, in 1615. When but 
eighteen years of age, he associated with and studied 
the bandits, and many compositions from his brush 
deal with the exciting experiences incident to their 
career. He was noted as a painter of battle scenes, 
his figures being full of movement and expression. 

85. The Encounter. 
SCHOOL OF FERRARA. 

At Ferrara under the patronage of the House 
of Este, a school of painting grew up of which 
Cosimo Tura was a leader. Originating about the 
middle of the fifteenth century it spread over all 
Emilia and Romagna, producing Correggio in 
Parma, and sharing in the making of Raphael at 
Urbino. 

86. St. Gregory. Gift of Edward D. Libbey. 

87. St. George. Gift of Edward D. Libbey. 
GIORGIO VASARI. 

1511 to 1574. Florentine School. Studied 
under Luca Signorelli, Michelangelo and Andrea del 
Sarto. He was a man of versatile talent, an his- 
torical painter, an architect, and a writer. His 
Lives of Painters, Sculptors and Architects pub- 
lished in 1550 was the first important work on the 
history of modern art. He painted in Rome and 
afterward in Florence where he was patronized by 
the Medici for whom he executed many works. 

88. Portrait op Cosimo de Medici I, Duke op 

Tuscany. Gift of Edward D. Libbey. 



Sweden 

NILS FORSBERG. 

Son of the eminent Swedish painter of the s&me 
name. The son signs his canvasses "Nils." He re- 
ceived honorable mention in the Paris Salon of 1907 
on his painting, "Potier a Saint- Amand, ' ' and was 
awarded a medal the following year. 
89. Potier a Saint- Amand. 
26 



Gard 



ner bymons 



Gardner Symons was born at Chicago in 1861. 
Studied at the Art Institute, Chicago, and Paris, 
Munich and London. He is a member of numerous 
art societies and has received many medals and 
rewards. The work of Mr. Symons is typical of the 
virility and originality of our best American land- 
scape painting. He goes directly to nature and 
translates her messages in terms of sincerity and 
truth, combining color and form in brilliant and 
beautiful harmonies. 

90. Breaking of the River Ice, 

91. November. 

92. Winter Glow. 

93. Under a Blue Sky. 

94. An Old-Fashioned Garden. 

95. Leaves are Falling. 

96. Deerfield Valley. 

97. In Morning Light. 

98. The Boats. 

99. Low Tide in Harbor. 

100. O'er Rocks and Pebbles. 

101. Building of the Coffer Dam. 

102. Sunlit Woods. 

103. Snowblocked Village. 

104. Spring Blossoms. 

105. Mountain Laurel. 

106. Winter Evening. 

107. Cloud Shadows. 

108. Berkshire Hills. 

Prices may be obtained at the office. 



27 



Philip Little 



Philip Little was born at Swampscott, Mass- 
achusetts in 1857. He studied at the Museum 
Schools, Boston, and is represented in many private 
and public collections. The inspiration for his 
pictures he finds near his studios at Salem and Mac 
Mahon Island. 

109. Between the Islands. 

110. End op Day. 

111. October's Last Day. 

112. From My Studio Window. 

113. Sunrise in the Fog. 

114. July Moon. 

115. Solitude. 

116. A Bit of Maine. 

117. The Herring Dipper. 

118. Rain Before Wind. 

119. By the River. 

120. Sunlight in the Woods. 

121. Sunrise. 

122. Clearing After Rain. 

123. Seiners and Seines. 

124. Sheepscot Bay. 

125. Among the Hills. 

126. Day in the Woods. 

127. MacMahon Island. 

128. Potomac Falls. 

129. Nocturne. 

130. The Making of New Land. 

131. Ipswich. 

132. Snow Squalls at Sunset. 

133. Getting Herring for Bait. 
Prices may be obtained at the office. 



28 



Henry Reuterdahl 



Henry Reuterdahl was born at Molmo, Sweden, 
in 1871. He received his academic education at 
Stockholm, Sweden. His specialty is naval subjects 
and during the Spanish- American War he served as 
a newspaper artist and correspondent. 

134. Morning, Naples Harbor. 

135. Sunday in the Village. 

136. The Dreadnoughts. 

137. River Front. 

138. Hudson in Winter. 

139. The Gunpointer. 

140. Poverty-Hollow. 

141. Blast Furnaces. 

142. North River. 

143. Zero Weather. 

144. Sea Power. 

145. Norwegian Fjord. (Midnight Sun Effect) 

146. The Destroyers. 

147. Canal, Hamburg. 

148. Fleet Evolutions in the Carribean. 

149. Sketch for Panel in Mr. Harold S. Van- 

derbilt's Yacht, Vagrant. 

150. Battleships. 

151. The Skipper. 

152. Boat Builders and Palisades. 

153. Ship Builders. 

154. Bucking the Gulf Stream. 

155. The Flying Dutchman of Today. 

DRAWINGS, WATERCOLORS, PASTELS. 

156. Heavy Seas. 

157. Midnight Sun Effect, Hammerfest 

Harbor, Norway. 

29 



158. Spring in Weehawken. 

159. The Family. 

160. Steelworks, Evening. 

161. Tapping the Blast Furnace, I. 

162. Tapping the Blast Furnace, II. 

163. Railroad Terminal. 

164. Naval Review. 

165. The Glare of the Furnace. 

Prices may be obtained at the office. 



30 



Etchings by Louis Henri Calewaert 

166. Boat House. 

167. Rush Street Bridge. 

168. William Fanning. 

169. Portrait of J. R. 

170. The Blower. 

171. Self Portrait. 

172. Listening Boy. 

173. Ma Grandmere. 

174. My First Plate. 

175. Luminaris. 

176. Reading, drypoint. 

177. Ma Grandmere Endormi. 

178. Old Houses in Detroit. 

179. Bangert Sketching. 

180. The Weaver. 

181. Profile of John Renard. 

182. Portrait of John Renard. 

183. Design for Book Plate. 

184. From Wicker 's School Window. 

185. Children in a Doorway. 

186. La Mere Allaitant. 

187. Lucile. 

188. Le Vigile. 

189. Drypoint of Head. 

190. Man With Dog. 

191. The Old Model. 

192. Drypoint. 

193. Woman with Folded Arms. 

194. Drypoint of Trees. 

195. Trees. 

196. Old Lady with Headdress. 

197. Libbie. 

198. Evelyn. 

199. Youth Drawing. 

31 



200. Trees in Winter. 

201. Landscape, Detroit River. 

202. The Etcher. 

203. Concetta. 

204. The Canal. 

205. Detroit River. 

206. Fulton Street, Chicago. 

207. Landscape with Barn. 

208. Self Portrait. 

209. Croqui, first state. 

210. Une Rue de Chicago. 

211. Two Men with Wheelbarrow. 

212. The Island. 

213. Wood Choppers. 

214. Factories. 

215. Marietta. 

216. A la Table. 

217. Nature Study. 

218. The Bridge. 

219. Une Tete. 

220. A Shadow on the Wall. 

221. Boat Houses. 

222. Croqui d'eaufortis. 

223. Guiseppe. 

224. Fritz Zillig. 

225. Sixteenth Street, Chicago. 

226. Madame Brun. 

227. Self Portrait. 

228. Croqui, second state. 

Prices may be obtained at the office. 



32 



Classical and Historical Rugs 

The rugs in this collection are divided into five 
groups, Persian, Turkish or Anatolian, Caucasian, Tur- 
coman and Chinese. Prayer rugs make up the major 
portion of the exhibition and represent all the religious 
faiths in the Orient. 

PERSIAN 

Persian history may be said to begin with the 
Assyrians and Babylonians about 2200 B.C. but the actual 
Persian Empire was not formed until 558 B. C. The 
Parthians who later controlled it were eventually driven 
out and became the modern Turcomans. Damascus and 
Rhodes were absorbed by the Empire and Turkish power 
became stronger until in 1200 A. D. the Mongols under 
Kirghis Kahn swept aside both Turk and Persian. In 
1605 Shah Abbas again established the Empire. Afghan- 
istan and Baluchistan became separate states in 1847 and 
the Caucasus was included in Russian territory. Persia 
is being strangled today under growing Russian and 
British political ambitions. 



229. Ispahan 

Prayer rug. A mosque rug, silk, never walked 
upon. The command of royalty gave it birth. 

230. Kirman 



(M^ 



A 



Woven in the province of Kirman 200 years 
ago. Four years necessary to complete a true 
Kirman. Full development of the rose. 

231. Khorassan 

Silk prayer rug. Persian art at its best. Ma- 
roon center over which chandelier is conven- 
tionalized into branches. 

33 




232. Shiraz 

Silk rug of several centuries. The acme of 
textiles excellence. Made as a gift for a bride 
Called Valentine Rug. 

Sehna 

Reveals origin in the weave itself. Too closely 
,' woven to count without a glass. Herati de- 




7 



sign. Over 100 years old. 



234. Sehna-Khilim. 

Needle work; Herati design. 

235. Karaja 

A Northern Kurdistan in Minka Khani design. 
Means garden of humanity. Shows the old 
Kurdish blue. 

236. Joshagan. 

The rarest of Persians. Green border restored. 
200 years old. 

237. Bijar. 

Herati design. Seen mostly in Feraghans. 

238. Hamadan. 

Typical camel's hair Hamadan. Historical 
association. Home of Esther and Mordecai. 

TURKISH OR ANATOLIAN 

The Turks were originally a Scythian tribe in the 
Altai mountains between China and Turkestan shortly 
before the Christian Era. In 571 A. D. Mohammed was 
born at Mecca and in establishing the Mohammedan re- 
ligion he gathered followers, called Saracens, who later 
subjugated much of Asia Minor, Northern Africa, Egypt 
and even parts of southern Europe. Roving bands of 
Turks or Turocomans under Ertogrul coalesced with a 
band of western Turks in 1250 and conquered the Arabi- 
ans thus laying the foundation of modern Turkey. Be- 

34 



tween 1360 and 1452 European Turkey was wrested from 
Byzantine Empire and Constantinople was captured, be- 
coming the capital of Ottoman Empire. 

.239. Ghiordez. 

Late 16th or early 17th century. Color well 
preserved considering age. The Ghiordez rug, 
the best rug Turkey ever made. 

240. Ghiordez 

Prayer rug made in the 17th century. This 
relic shows the old Ghiordez red that antedates 
18th and 19th century magenta-rose. A classi- 
cal pattern showing Saracenic influence. 

241. Ghiordez. 

Seventeenth century prayer rug. Ghiordez 
does not acquire silkiness with age. Pure, 
clear type. Niche represents an arched en- 
trance to a Mosque. 

242. Kulah. 

A double century classic. Very rare design. 
A pattern to be studied. Shows the old Kulah 
blue that improves with age. 

243. Kulah. 

Prayer rug woven in the 17th century. Choic- 
est wool used. Borders filled with floral con- 
ceits. 

244. Kulah. 

Prayer rug 200 years old. 

245. Ladik. 

Prayer rug woven 200 years ago in Laodicea. 
Refreshing symbolism. Rhodian lily with long 
stems noted feature of Ladiks. Sacred pattern. 
Ends restored. 



35 



246. Ladik. 

A double century specimen. Unusual feature 
being white above mihrab. Combination of 
water and life motive. Insertion in border. 

247. Ladik, 

Dated triangular prayer niche worked in purple 
silk. Deep religious fervor expressed. Date 
1402. 

248. Bergamo. 

Named from the city Bergamos in Greece when 
Achilles was fighting for the stolen Helen. 
This rug is 150 years old, soft, classical, an- 
tique. A study in blue, ruby, canary. 

249. Bergamo. 

Three prayer niches supported by roughly 
hewn stones. 

250. Bergamo. 

Prayer rug about 200 years of age. Shaded 
blue-green mihrab with ruby spandrel is rare. 

251. Bergamo. 

Baby prayer rug made for three babies in the 
family. Sentimental value. Tiny flowerets to 
represent infancy. 

252. Konia. 

Rarity of quality and rarity of weave. IXbreech- 
Sacred design. Shows that a coarse weave does 
not imply a poor rug. 

253. Konia. 

Lustrous old Konia. 

254. Melez. 

Prayer rug. Superlative quality. Chinese 
lantern suspended. 150 years of age. 
36 



255. Kir Shahr. 

Seldom seen in this country. Most Sir Shahrs 
flaunt bottle-green and magenta. This one shows 
true green and ruby. About 200 years old. 
Type extinct. 

256. Yuruk. 

Yuruk means mountaineer. Long pile. Loose 
weave. Between the Anatolian and the Kurd. 
An original, colors subdued by age. 

CAUCASIANI 

Persia surrendered Georgia the principal portion of 
Caucasia to Rome in 240 A. D. At the close of 4th 
century it became a part of the Byzantine Empire. In 
10th century Georgia became independent, until the 
Mongols under Kirghis Khan dominated it in 1200 A. D. 
In 1747 the Caucasus was ceded to Russia by the Per- 
sians, who again controlled it, and thus it is today a part 
of Russian Empire. 

257. Daghestan. 

Pull development of the sacred Seal of Solo- 
mon in border. Has Babylonian ideas. Typical 
Caucasian. Clear, bold, geometric patterns. 

258. Shirvan. 

Field of massed roses; trumpet flowers and 
roses in border, on green. This Shirvan is 
often called Georgian. 

259. Kabistan. 

Shirvan. Archaic design on blue. Attempt to 
combine geometric and floral design. Large 
Kabistan 's originally made to spread between 
the graves of wealthy. Lustrous, thick. 



S7 



260. Tzitzi. 

Typical border to represent tilings, mosaic. 
Field design rarer. Closely woven classic. Over 
100 years old. Woven by powerful nomadic 
tribe, Tchetchens. 

TRANS-CAUCASIA 

261. Soumac. 

Interlinear. Made around Shemaka. Pattern 
for continued study. Rose toned. A century 
piece. Usually Soumacs have a strong brick 
red ground. 

TURCOMAN. 

In 220 A. D. Parthians were driven from the Persian 
Empire and became wandering Turcomans. In 1610 
Shah Abbas drove the remaining Turcomans across the 
border and the final connection was broken with the Per- 
sian Empire. While the people of Afghanistan, Turco- 
man and Baluchistan are classed as Turcomans, the 
Afghans were really of white origin. 

262. Bohkara. 

Saddle half. Shows Turcoman weaving at its 
best. About forty years old. 

263. "Royal" Bohkara. 

Named from Bohkare, the noble city of three 
hundred mosques. Octagon design. Evolu- 
tion from the Chinese symbolism. 

264. Bohkara. 

Trees in border and flowers in design show 
Persian influence. 



38 



265. Yomud. 

Possibly the rarest Yomud prayer rug extant. 
Over 100 years of age. Unique in color. Tree 
of Life pattern. Quality of wool and dye the 
best. 

266. Yomud. 

Two studies. Study in faces from convention- 
alized flowers. 

267. Katchli Bohkara. 

This design called "Princess" in America. 
Katchli means cross. It is the onry rug that has 
the Christian cross and Mohammedan prayer 
niche combined. 

268. Beshire 

Prayer rug. Beshire means five villages. 
Woven in one of the villages west of Khiva. 
Rarest of Turcoman rugs. Borders of fruits. 
Rich, quite old. 

269. Afgan 

Saddle half. Seldom found so large. 

270. Baluchistan-Khilim. 

Made of camel's hair. Mongol influence in 
figures along sides. Tree of life apparently 
attempt to express Universe tree. 

271. Samarkand. 

Named from ancient city. Burial place of 
Tamarlane. Western Chinese classic. Circles 
of happiness in design. Antedates the faded 
cerise Samarkand. 

CHINESE 

The Chinese Empire consisting of loosely connected 
Principalities was formed in 2200 B. C. Tartars settled 
Turkestan in 163 B. C. and the Western Tartars settled in 

39 



Hungary in 378 A. D. becoming known as Huns. 1259 
ushered in a very flowery period of Chinese history under 
Kublai Kahn who ruled China and all Asia save India 
and Arabia. In 1643 the Manchus took possession of 
Dragon throne and ruled until recent establishment of 
Chinese republic. 

272. Chinese Rug. 

A mandarin rug about 200 years old, with im- 
prial dragons. Very intricate and classic. 



40 



TOLEDO MUSEUM OF ART 





38000000397287 



For Reference 



Not to be taken 



from this library